Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Correlation Between Physical Fitness and Academic Success - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 952 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/05/15 Category Sports Essay Level High school Tags: Fitness Essay Did you like this example? In 2006, the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) released a definition of quality physical education, stating: Quality physical education is defined by standards related to five critical elements: (1) who teaches it, (2) how often students receive it, (3) what is taught, (4) how well students should perform, and (5) for what purpose it is taught (Smith Lounsbery, 2009). National organizations, public health organizations, and of course physical education teachers advocate for and endorse quality physical education programs and recognize its potential to help students achieve national health goals. Because of spikes in obesity and overall declining physical activity in our nations youth, there has been a resurgence towards quality physical education. Public health organizations support it because numerous organs and tissues respond to exercise stimulus; therefore, it is not surprising that exercise profoundly benefits brain function. Even though these are basic scientific findings proven by years of research, public education is quick to forget all the benefits of physical activity. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Correlation Between Physical Fitness and Academic Success" essay for you Create order Parents also believe that physical education is an important component in a balanced school curriculum. In a recent survey given to all 8th grade male students parents, with 322 responses, at Pine View Middle School, 96% of parents supported a required physical education class at the middle school level. In addition, 91% of parents opposed eliminating the physical education requirements to meet increased academic standards (see Appendix A for more information about the parent survey). Despite the support for daily quality physical education, requirements for student participation in physical education continue to decline. The primary reason is that today, more than ever, schools are accountable for producing academic achievement on high-stakes testing and school grades. At Pine View Middle School alone, there is a trend towards removing the physical education requirement to replace it with more seat time. The Counseling Department, supported by administration, has continually taken struggling students out of physical education classes to be checked into Enhancement†a study skills class for regular education students. Additionally, they continually pull students for P.E.P. (Personal Empowerment Program) and other counseling services. In fact, students get pulled for these additional services 89% of the time during their physical education classes. That information was collected over a one-month time period for all counseling slips that were sent out requesting students during class time. The biggest attack against the physical education program at Pine View Middle School is the cutting of the Intramural extension during the fourth quarter to focus on testing. In a 2-year study called Project SPARK, academic achievement scores of 759 students were assessed with three conditions: (a) Specialists taught the Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids curriculum; (b) classroom teachers were trained to implement the curriculum; and (c) controls continued their usual programs. It is important to note in the findings of this study that, Despite devoting twice as many minutes per week to physical education as Controls, the health-related physical education program did not interfere with academic achievement (Sallis, et al., 1999). Conversely, it is my belief that devoting more time to core subjects, in addition to what students are already receiving, would not significantly impact academic achievement on testing. Therefore, the topic of my thesis is how physical fitness can promote school success. The purpose of my study will identify if students who are physically fit absorb and retain new information more effectively than students who are out of shape. Additionally, I will implement and evaluate specific exercises that aid in focus and retention. My research question is if fitness levels correlate to grades, test scores, and overall learning. Delimitations There are many factors that contribute to grades, test scores, and overall learning, but this research study is only looking into the correlation of fitness levels to these academic performance areas. The data collected will be limited to 8th and 9th grade boys and girls enrolled in a physical education class at Pine View Middle School, a sample size of about 500 students, for the span of eight weeks, roughly one quarter. The results and findings of this study may not apply to other grade levels. This study will not focus specifically on the kind of active exercise typical of a physical education class, but on longer-term, overall physical fitness in students. However, physical education is focused on daily physical activity which develops habits of and aides in overall physical fitness. Definitions According to SHAPE Americas†Society of Health and Physical Educators†Guidance Document, fitness education is a subcomponent of the total physical education program, focusing on helping students acquire knowledge and higher-order understanding of health-related physical fitness (the product), as well as habits of physical activity and other healthy lifestyles (the process) that lead to good health-related physical fitness, health and wellness (Instructional Framework for Fitness Education in Physical Education, 2012, p. 1). Although the term fitness is used in many ways, in this research project, the following working definition of fitness as a set of attributes that are either health- or skill-related will be used to guide the development of the research. In addition, the degree to which students have these attributes can be measured with specific tests. The tests or data points used to determine students fitness levels will be a conglomeration of heart rate at rest, target heart rate, timed mile run, pushup test, sit-up test, and Fitnessgram P.A.C.E.R. test. It is important to note that all data will be considered to determine fitness levels of each student. To be thorough and complete, there are tests that will determine fitness in the areas of aerobic condition, muscular strength, and endurance. Academic success, within the parameters of this study, will be figured by grades, SAGE scores for 8th graders, ASPIRE scores for 9th graders, and an independently administered memorization test.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effects Of Global Warming On The Environment - 1616 Words

Global Warming Global Warming is the result of too many gases, which accumulate in the atmosphere. These chemicals build up and produce what is known as greenhouse gases. This results in temperature changes and various weather patterns. The gases, which rise up into the atmosphere retain a lot of heat, which can cause higher temperatures and more moisture in the air. Many of the pollutants in the atmosphere come from everyday human activities, such as using automobiles, factory fuels, and agricultural waste. Air pollution contributes to global warming, because these harmful gases are released into the atmosphere and are trapped like a magnet holding up a full pot of water. These accumulations of water vapor combust producing severe rain, which can cause flash flooding. Temperature and weather patterns can become so unreliable and unpredictable because of the interaction of these greenhouse gases. These weather events show that climate change is an environmental threat to the planet. Alternative techniques must be developed to stop the changes in the atmosphere temperature. A few degrees will make a great difference! Global warming continues on our planet and society as a whole must be made aware of what is happening and what can be prevented to ensure the future of the Earth. Scientists have proven that the global temperature has risen about one degree since the beginning of the century. They feel that this trend will continue by about 2-7 degrees ifShow MoreRelatedGlobal Warmi ng And Its Effect On The Global Environment1144 Words   |  5 PagesGlobal warming has emerged as one of the most serious concerns for scientists and environmentalists in the 21st century. This is based on the negative impact of global warming, which is not limited to deforestation, drastic variations in climate, decline in output of global agricultural industry, degradation of ice sheets in Antarctic, decrease in ocean productivity, rise in sea levels, and increase in tornadoes, hurricanes and floods. The primary reason for global warming has been identified asRead MoreThe Effects Of Global Warming On The Environment977 Words   |  4 PagesThe Effects of Global Warming Introduction Global warming has been discussion for many years, but has, in the last decade or two been at the forefront of attention. The enormous effects and potential risks on humanity that can result from rise in global temperatures and the environment must be addressed, because the earth after all is finite. â€Å"Globalization refers to the rise of average temperature of oceans and earth’s atmosphere. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the earth’s average surfaceRead MoreThe Effects Of Global Warming On The Environment1224 Words   |  5 PagesGlobal warming continues to be a huge concern affecting the environment, people and the world. If action to stop this phenomenon is not taken immediately by the global community, the consequences will certainly be catastrophic. Already, some of the consequences of global warming are being felt globally. The frequency and intensity of tropical storms has increased as a result of global warming. Global temperatures continue to rise at rapid and unprecedented rates. According to scientific researchRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effect On The Environment1311 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Global warming refers to an incremental in earth’s temperature. Some believes this is occurring naturally but the prevailing view attributes climate change to the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect refers to the warming resulting from certain gases such as carbon dioxide in Earth s atmosphere trapping heat. These gases traps heat but let light in, similarly to the glass walls of a greenhouse. The general belief is that mankind are chiefly responsible for global warming becauseRead MoreThe Effects Of Global Warming On The Environment1549 Words   |  7 PagesGlobal warming is an increasing in average global temperatures across the planet. This is due to the rising temperatures on the continent. Temperatures continue to rise yearly causing global warming. The greenhouse effect is sun light radiation being driven back to the earth. When solar energy is released into the atmosphere, there is an effect of bouncing back. Solar radiation is bounced back into the atmosphere causing the temperature of the earth to remain steady. However, over time greenhouseRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects On The Environment Essay1516 Words   |  7 PagesSome people say global warming is caused by human activity, others say global warming doesn’t even exist. Some people claim that the climate is changing for the worse. They believe that humans are the primary cause of these changes, especially the increase in temperature, caused by the burning of fossil fuels. They believe that the temperature changes are causing glaciers to melt. They claim that the melting of ice masses leads to a higher sea level and worsening conditions for Arctic animals, asRead MoreThe Effects Of Global Warming On The Environment1175 Words   |  5 PagesGlobal warming, according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, â€Å"refers to the recent and ongoing rise in global average temperature near Earth s surface.† Effects of human influence on the environment has long been a cause of concern regarding the disturbance of the â€Å"natural order.† Although a cycle which results in the periodic increase and decrease of the average global temperature has long been known to exist, due to new data suggesting the substantial and relatively r ecentRead MoreThe Effects Of Global Warming On The Environment1453 Words   |  6 PagesHuman impact such as industrialization, livestock farming and the increase in recent population have all caused serious environmental impacts that have let to dramatic global climate change. â€Å"Scientists generally agree that the globe has warmed over the past 40 years, due largely to human activities that raise carbon-dioxide levels in the atmosphere† (Clemet). Greenhouse gasses have always existed, but not to the extent that they do in today’s world; they are causing a dramatic change in climateRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects On The Environment928 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Global Warming†-The Biggest Scam of Modern Times Global warming is the steady increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature. There are two sides of this story. Some people believe that global warming is caused by the natural components in the environment and not man-made production of carbon dioxide, while the others believe that it is caused by man-made production of carbon dioxide and not by natural components in the environment. Global warming is due to the increased level in temperatureRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects On The Environment999 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Global Warming†-TheBiggest Scam of Modern Times Global warming is the steady increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature. There are two sides of this story. Some people believe that global warming is caused by natural components in the environment and not man-made production of carbon dioxide, while the others believe that it is caused by man-made production of carbon dioxide and not by natural components in the environment. Global warming is due to the increased level in temperature of

Touching the Void Free Essays

From Touching he Void Backgraund Joe Simpson’s book â€Å"Touching the Void† was publised in 1998; translated into 23 languages and achieved sales of 500,000 across all editions. When Joe Simpson and his friend Simon Yates decided to go climbing in Siula Grande in the Peruvian Andes, he wouldn’t imagine he would caught up in the most spectacular survival story. Fallen into a crevasse after Yates cuts the rope during an accident he was left for dead, but his will to survive was stronger than the odds. We will write a custom essay sample on Touching the Void or any similar topic only for you Order Now Main Characters Joe Simpson – mountaineer/first climber-optimistic, Joe falls, breaking his leg and heel when he impacts the bottom then Simon cut the rope which Joe was hanging asuming that Joe will die. Simon Yates – mountaineer /climber – 21-ear-old, was faced with the first of two terrible decisions: should he abandon his friend – whom they both knew was as good as dead – or try to get him down the mountain? Yates chose the second option. Plot In the mid-80’s two young climbers attempted to reach the summit of Siula Grande in Peru; a feat that had previously been attempted but never achieved. With an extra man looking after base camp, Simon and Joe set off to scale the mount in one long push over several days. The peak is reached, however on the descent Joe falls and breaks his leg. Despite what it means, the two continue with Simon letting Joe out on a rope for 300 meters, then descending to join him and so on. However when Joe goes out over an overhang with no way of climbing back up, Simon makes the decision to cut the rope. Joe falls into a crevice and Simon, assuming him dead, continues back down. Joe however survives the fall and was lucky to hit a ledge in the crevice. This is the story of how he got back down. A man was on a 21,000-foot peak in the Andes Mountains where a fall broke his leg severely. Joe Simpson and his friend, Simon Yates were experienced mountain climbers but were not prepared for this grueling disaster in the hours that followed Joe’s fall. Surviving in sub zero temperatures, treacherous icy cliffs and a severe injury left Joe helpless while his climbing partner, Simon had to make difficult decisions for both of their survivals. Simon decided to painfully lower injured Joe slowly with ropes in the blinding snow and used tugs on the ropes as their communications. A few hours went by as the climbing team tried in vein to avoid deep crevices and avalanches while the roaring wind and no visibility made the situation much worse. Simon felt no life on the other side of the rope for quite some time before he decided to cut his end, assuming his friend Joe had died from the descending attempts. The story progresses into unbelievable human emotion as Simon expresses the guilt he felt of not being able to save his friend and cutting the rope for his own survival as he makes the daring descend down to base camp to tell the sad news to others. Meanwhile, Joe was not dead at all but seriously injured and crawled and slid down the mountain with no water or food for two days in blizzard conditions. Simon was packing up Joe’s belongings and getting ready to leave camp to tell Joe’s family the horrible news when all of a sudden he heard a howling wolf. The howling was coming from Joe unbeknownst to Simon until he decided to go investigate and was flabbergasted to see his injured friend a few miles from base camp. Pharagraph by pharagraph How to cite Touching the Void, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Upgrade WordPress to PHP 7 How to Do It Safely

PHP 7 offers one of the biggest jumps in performance weve seen so far from this particular software. If your web server is still running a previous version, you may be holding your site back from working as well as it could. The only problem is that learning how to upgrade WordPress to PHP 7 can be a little tricky.Despite that, upgrading your site to the latest version of PHP is a smart move, and one that will benefit you in a number of ways. Plus, the process isnt actually that difficult as long as you go about it safely, to ensure that the update wont break any of your sites elements. That way, you wont have to rush around fixing things afterward.In this article, were going to talk about what PHP 7 is and why you should make the switch. Then well teach you how to upgrade WordPress to PHP 7 safely, in just four steps. Lets get to it! PHP 7 offers some massive upgrades for end users. For example:You should see about a 50% performance increase after making the switch.  PHP 7 offers a huge performance boost thats well worth the upgrade.It supports 64-bit Windows systems.  Most people use Linux for their servers, but if youre a Windows user, youll appreciate the new support for 64-bit operating systems.Plus, PHP 7 is now the official recommended PHP version for WordPress.If your primary concern is that installing PHP 7 will break your site in some way, then weve got your back. Theres always some risk involved in an upgrade like this, but there are also ways to carry out the process safely.How to safely upgrade WordPress to PHP 7 (in four steps)Before we go any further, lets talk about how the upgrading process works. If you have full privileges on your server, you can upgrade WordPress to PHP 7 using your command line. On the other hand, if youre on shared or managed hosting, youll probably have to ask your providers support team to upgrade your site manually.In either case, the actual process is straightforward. The problem is that if you dont take any precau tionary measures, you run the risk of breaking elements of your site that dont play nicely with PHP 7. Thats why were partial to a different approach that enables you to eliminate most of the risk involved.Step #1: Back up your websiteBacking up your site regularly is something you probably already do. However, youll want to have a backup of your site thats as recent as possible.Youll be using this backup to create a copy of your site, where you can test how everything works with PHP 7 without causing any damage to your live site. If a plugin ceases to work, for example, youll know you have to look for an alternative before you upgrade your real WordPress site to PHP 7.For this step, we recommend using the UpdraftPlus plugin, since its one of the most straightforward backup solutions available. Install and activate it now, and then go to the  Settings → UpdraftPlus Backups  tab:Once youre in, click on the  Backup Now  button, and choose to include both your database a nd files in your backup:Give the plugin a couple of minutes to back up your site, or possibly more (depending on how large your site is). When its done, youll find your new backup files under the  Existing Backups  tab:Now, youll want to click on the following four buttons in turn: Database, Plugins, Themes, and Uploads. This will give you the option to download copies of each file to your computer:When youre done, you should have four files containing your entire website. Now youre ready for the next step.Step #2: Create a local staging copy of your siteThere are plenty of ways to create a staging copy of your website, but were partial to Local by Flywheel because its easy to set up. Plus, you dont need to be a Flywheel customer to get the app. Just go to the website, fill out a short form, and download the tool.After installing Local by Flywheel, youll be able to add new local websites to your roster by clicking on the plus sign in the lower left-hand corner of the application :Do so now, and youll be prompted to choose a name and an environment for your staging site. When you get to the environment part, select the  Custom  option:This will give you the choice of using PHP 7 for your staging website instead of 5, which is the default setting. Make sure you choose the right version, and then create an admin name and password for your site. After that, sit back while the app sets everything up.Once your new staging website is ready, look for it under the list of local sites on Local by Flywheels main screen. Then click on the  Admin  button that will show up next to its description, to access your dashboard:(Note; if you need some hands-on guidance on how to use Local by Flywheel, weve got a whole tutorial on that. Check it out.)The first thing youll want to do here is install the UpdraftPlus plugin once more. When its running on your staging site, return to the  Settings → UpdraftPlus Backups  tab and look for the option that reads  U pload backup files:Now, drop the four backup files you downloaded earlier into the designated area. When the upload is complete, youll see your backup appear on the list. Click the  Restore  button next to it, and youre in business.Step #3: Test your staging siteWhat youve just done is created a staging website thats a perfect copy of your original site in every way,  except  for the fact that this one is running PHP 7.Now comes the part where you look for errors on your staging site. What youre looking for and what issues you might find will vary widely depending on your unique setup. However, heres how we recommend you go about conducting your test:Make your way through every page on your website, looking for any elements that have suddenly stopped working.Check to see if your plugins are behaving as they should, one by one.Test any features that your active theme includes, to ensure that theyre still functioning.This might take a little time, depending on how large your w ebsite is. If you run into any broken plugins or themes, its worth looking for replacements, since PHP 7s benefits are well worth making a few changes.Step #4: Upgrade your live site to PHP 7If you didnt find any errors on your staging website (or after youve identified the source of any problems that do appear), all thats left is to upgrade your live site to PHP 7. As we mentioned earlier, this process is rather simple. There are two ways to approach it, depending on your host:If you use a Virtual Private Server (VPS) or any other hosting option that gives you full control, you can upgrade WordPress to PHP 7 from the command line.If your host doesnt give you this level of access, you can ask them to upgrade you to the latest version through their support system.When youre done, be sure to test your sites performance again (just to be safe). Then you can start enjoying the improvements PHP 7 provides!ConclusionPHP 7 has been around for a while now, yet adoption rates are nowhere nea r where they should be. This new version offers a marked increase in performance, and most reputable web hosts will give you the option to upgrade WordPress to PHP 7. If yours doesnt, then its probably time to choose a new WordPress host. Back up your website.Create a local staging copy of your site.Test your staging site to ensure that everything is working as it should.Upgrade your live site to PHP 7, and test it again.Do you have any questions about how to upgrade your site to PHP 7 safely? Lets talk about them in the comments section below!Free guide5 Essential Tips to Speed Up Your WordPress SiteReduce your loading time by even 50-80% just by following simple tips.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

How to Get Learning Accommodations at School

How to Get Learning Accommodations at School Some students struggle in school and need more support than is typically found in the traditional classroom, but that extra support isnt always easy to come by. For college students, typically the institution will require that the student provide documentation and request accommodations in a timely manner, and most will have the resources available to meet the students needs. However, the same isnt always true at secondary schools or middle/elementary schools. For schools who dont have robust academic support programs, students may be  forced into special education classrooms or they may be required to stumble along without accommodations in the traditional classroom.   However, there are options for students struggling in school, and one of those options is a private school. Unlike public schools, parochial and private schools do not have to grant students with learning disabilities accommodations. This ruling falls under section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act  and is a direct result of the fact that private schools dont receive public funding. These private schools also have a pass when it comes to the need to follow the regulations of the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), which states that public schools must grant students with disabilities a free appropriate public education. In addition, unlike public schools, private schools do not offer students with disabilities IEPs, or Individual Educational Plans. Private Schools: Varying Resources and Accommodations Because they do not have to adhere to these federal laws governing the education of students with disabilities, private schools vary in the support they grant to students with learning and other disabilities. While years ago, private schools often said that they did not accept students with learning issues, today, most schools accept students who have diagnosed learning issues, such as dyslexia and ADHD, and other issues such as autistic spectrum disorder,  recognizing that these issues are actually common, even among very bright students. There are even a number of private schools who cater to the needs of students with learning differences. Some private schools for learning differences were founded specifically for students whose learning challenges  dont allow them to enter the mainstream classroom. The goal is often to support students and teach them to understand their issues and develop coping mechanisms that allow them to enter the mainstream classroom, but some students remain in these specialized schools for their entire high school careers.   Dedicated Learning Specialists In addition, many private schools have psychologists and learning specialists on staff who can help students with learning issues organize their work and refine their study skills.  As such, a number of mainstream private schools even offer academic support program, ranging from basic tutoring to more comprehensive academic support curriculums that provide students with a personal educational expert to help them better learn how they learn and understand the challenges they have. While tutoring is common, some schools go beyond that and offer organizational structure, time management skill development, study tips, and even provide advice on working with teachers, classmates and handling workloads.   Private schools also may be able to grant accommodations to help students in school, including the following: extra time on testsuse of a computer or tablet for writing in-class essays and assignmentshelp from a learning specialist to learn how to prepare for tests, study, organize study materialsuse of a private room for testing or work If youre thinking of private school and either know or suspect that your child may need extra assistances, consider these steps you might pursue to determine if the school can meet your childs needs: Get Started with Professional Evaluations If you havent already, make sure to have your child evaluated by a licensed professional. You may be able to have the evaluation conducted by the local school board, or you may ask your private school for the names of private evaluators. The evaluation should document the nature of your childs disabilities and the required or suggested accommodations. Remember, that while private schools arent required to grant accommodations, many offer basic, reasonable accommodations, such as extended time on tests, for students with documented learning issues. Meet with Professionals at the School before you apply Yes, even if youre just applying to the school, you can request meetings with the academic specialists at the school. Assuming you have the testing results available, you may set up appointments. You would likely coordinate these meetings through the admission office, and they can often be combined with a school visit or sometimes even an Open House, if you provide advance notice. This allows both you and the school to assess whether or not your childs needs can be properly met by the school. Meet with Professionals at the School after youre accepted Once youre accepted, you should schedule a time to meet with your childs teachers and learning specialist or psychologist to begin developing a plan for success. You can discuss the results of the evaluation, the proper accommodations for your child and what this means in terms of your childs schedule. Here are more strategies about how to advocate for your child with learning issues. Article edited by Stacy Jagodowski.

Monday, March 2, 2020

Why Starting and Staying Organized Is Critical To Marketing Success

Why Starting and Staying Organized Is Critical To Marketing Success Every day, consider your marketing career mindset. You can plan all you want, but at some point, you need to get to work, create something your audience will love, and launch it. You’ll probably make mistakes and face roadblocks along the way. But whatever goal you have for your marketing strategy, getting and staying organized will help you on your path to success. Today, we’re talking to Kelly Napoli, who is the content marketing coordinator at Obermiller Nelson Engineering (ONE). Learn how to collaborate with subject matter experts (SMEs), importance of taking risks with your marketing, and why starting is more important than anything else. ONE is trying a bit of everything with its content marketing to see what works and what doesn’t Marketers should pick SMEs’ brains to figure out what clients find interesting It works better and smoother to have a conversation with SMEs vs. asking them to write marketing content Lessons Learned: Once you’ve got a plan, implement it or nothing gets done Personas: Have conversations about your target market Provide audience with content that’s beneficial for them; at the same time, you don’t necessarily want to give away your secret sauce Efficient collaboration with remote teams involves utilizing tools, including phones and video chats Email is not always the most efficient way to communicate advances you through the collaboration and communication process Organization is Key: Find what works for you; for ONE, it’s You pay for software, so use it; focus on what needs to get done If you have multiple projects and tasks, stay organized by using task templates and Excel spreadsheets Going from two to four new blog posts monthly to be consistent and productive; publish content to produce results and influence certain perceptions Get organized in chaos behind marketing management; turn to , learn from your mistakes, and find software to help you stay organized Links: Seth Godin Obermiller Nelson Engineering Start with Why by Simon Sinek Write and send a review to receive a care package If you liked today’s show, please subscribe on iTunes to The Actionable Content Marketing Podcast! The podcast is also available on SoundCloud, Stitcher, and Google Play. Quotes by Kelly Napoli: â€Å"Since we’re just starting out, we’re kind of trying a little bit of everything to see what works and what doesn’t.† â€Å"I’m not that subject-matter expert. Working with that content partner has been huge.† â€Å"You can spend hours and hours and hours putting together a plan, but somebody’s got to implement it, otherwise nothing gets done.†

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Managing professional dance practice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Managing professional dance practice - Essay Example From recreation to communication, from religion to magic, dance serves several aims and achieves several ends with different cultures. The history of dance is as long as man on earth. Throughout history, dance has been a part of human social life; ceremonies, rituals, celebrations, entertainments and all that. Archaeological evidences abound tracing dance practice from prehistoric times to the first written and pictorial documentation in 200BC. (Wikipedia). In primitive cultures, dance originated as an expression of the events, changes and occurrences that mark human existence on earth; changes that occur as people grew from childhood to old age, events that characterise the change from one season to another, the triumph that come with victories and the pains of failures. All these were expressed in dance steps. Over time, two sorts of dance evolved, as cultures evolved. Social dances on occasions of celebration, commemorating deaths or other special events; and magical or religious dances, which were believed to be some sort of communication with the gods, to invoke their assistance or as a form of worship, displaying allegiance. Thus dance was a tool of cultural and tribal reservation before men learnt the ability to document. Obviously, dance has gone a long way from the era of mere cultural or religious activity to a form of art that is learnt and practiced like every aspect of modern life. Different types of dance has attended the evolution of dance in history, but the modern dance with its accompanying technology has revolutionalised dancing, creating a sciences out of dance. It has achieved techniques of its own making and made disciples. Dance goes beyond the ballet dancer or the choreographer seen on stage, the dance sector encompasses the dance artist, management, production and education. This began early in the 1920s when dance studies, encompassing dance practice, critical theory, analysis and history, began to be seen as a serious academic discipline. By the late 20th century the recognition of practical knowledge as equal to academic knowledge lead to the emergence of practice-based research and practice as research. Today, these studies are an integral part several universities' arts and humanities program. A wide array of these dance studies have evolved over time and some of them include: Professional practice: performance and technical skills Practice-based research: choreography and performance Ethnochoreology, encompassing the dance-related aspects of Anthropology, Cultural Studies, Gender Studies, Area studies, Postcolonial theory, Ethnography, etc. Dance and technology: new media and performance technologies. Laban Movement Analysis and Somatic studies Community Dance. Dance-Movement Therapy. Therefore, when dance is viewed from the perspective of those managing and administering the dance studies, project development in the dance sector becomes something of great importance. Project development makes for effectiveness in the management of professional practise and teaching of dance. It has been and will always be responsible for the constant influx of new ideas into the dance sector, the re-evaluation of old ideas and